Katrin Amunts, Tuesday September 6
“BIG BRAINS” AS TOOLS TO UNDERSTAND HUMAN BRAIN ORGANISATION
Studying the human brain remains one of the greatest scientific challenges. A com¬prehensive understanding of the structural and functional organization of the brain is not only of great importance for basic science, but also for the development of new approaches that improve diagnosis and the treatment of neurological and psychiatric diseases. With this mindset, the Human Brain Project (HBP) started its work in October 2013 with the aim of creating a European ICT infrastructure for neuroscience. The immense complexity of the brain, with its approximately 86 billion nerve cells, makes it essential to include modeling and simulation approaches, combined with methods of high performance computing (HPC), in order to analyze the organizational principles of the brain.
New ad¬vancements for HPC are a prerequisite to get new insights into brain organization at a microscopical scale considering the BigData challenge. This challenge is accompanying brain research targeting the whole human brain at the microscopical level. HPC is necessary to develop virtual brain models, such as the cytoarchitectonic BigBrain model. It connects the macroscopic with the microscopic organization level for the first time. Similar models are being developed to capture the fiber architecture, from the micrometer to the centimeter scale. They open the perspective to analyze the neural underpinnings of cognitive processes such as language with unprecedented detail, and to study structural-functional relationships at the level of cortical areas and beyond.
Institute of Neuroscience and Medicine (INM), Forschungszentrum Jülich
- Where and when:
15:45-17:00 Sep 6, 2016MPI Conference room 163
- Shiri Lev-Ari