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We often use grammatically masculine words when talking about people in general. For example, a university expects every PhD student to defend his dissertation and that he does so in public (but female PhD students are of course expected to hold a defense, too). This generic use of masculine pronouns such as Dutch hij ‘he’ and zijn ‘his’ is at the core of Theresa Redl’s dissertation. A series of experiments investigated if reading such sentences leads to a male bias and makes us imagine the PhD students in the sentence above as men, or if we interpret such sentences as intended – namely as gender-neutral. The results for zijn ‘his’ showed that men often experience a male bias, but women do not. The pronoun hij ‘he’, however, led to a male bias for both women and men. This shows that the generic or “gender-neutral” use of masculine pronouns often makes only men visible and excludes others.