Martin D. S. Braine (1926–1996): Obituary
O'Brien, D. P., & Bowerman, M.
Martin D. S. Braine (1926–1996): Obituary. American Psychologist, 53
, 563. doi:10.1037/0003-066X.53.5.563.
Memorializes Martin D. S. Braine, whose research on child language acquisition and on both child and adult thinking and reasoning had a major influence on modern cognitive psychology. Addressing meaning as well as position, Braine argued that children start acquiring language by learning narrow-scope positional formulas that map components of meaning to positions in the utterance. These proposals were critical in starting discussions of the possible universality of the pivot-grammar stage and of the role of syntax, semantics,and pragmatics in children's early grammar and were pivotal to the rise of approaches in which cognitive development in language acquisition is stressed.