Publications

Displaying 1 - 25 of 25
  • Cutler, A. (1970). An experimental method for semantic field study. Linguistic Communications, 2, 87-94.

    Abstract

    This paper emphasizes the need for empirical research and objective discovery procedures in semantics, and illustrates a method by which these goals may be obtained. The aim of the methodology described is to provide a description of the internal structure of a semantic field by eliciting the description--in an objective, standardized manner--from a representative group of native speakers. This would produce results that would be equally obtainable by any linguist using the same method under the same conditions with a similarly representative set of informants. The standardized method suggested by the author is the Semantic Differential developed by C. E. Osgood in the 1950's. Applying this method to semantic research, it is further hypothesized that, should different members of a semantic field be employed as concepts on a Semantic Differential task, a factor analysis of the results would reveal the dimensions operative within the body of data. The author demonstrates the use of the Semantic Differential and factor analysis in an actual experiment.
  • Kempen, G. (1970). Ideaalbeelden van de Europese jeugd: Weerwoord op methodologische kritiek. Dux, 37, 54-56.
  • Klein, W. (1970). Eine Analysegrammatik. Linguistische Berichte, (10), 13-16.
  • Klein, W. (1968). Zur Kategorisierung der Funktionsverbgefüge. Beiträge zur Linguistik und Informationsverarbeitung, 13, 7-37.
  • Klein, W., & Zimmermann, H. (1970). Trakl. Versuche zur maschinellen Analyse von Dichtersprache. Sprachkunst, 1(1/2), 122-139.
  • Levelt, W. J. M. (1970). A scaling approach to the study of syntactic relations. In G. B. Flores d'Arcais, & W. J. M. Levelt (Eds.), Advances in psycholinguistics (pp. 109-121). Amsterdam: North Holland.
  • Levelt, W. J. M. (1968). [Review of the book] R.C. Oldfield en J.C. Marshall (eds.), Language. Selected readings. Nederlands tijdschrift voor de psychologie, 23, 474.
  • Levelt, W. J. M., Zwanenburg, W., & Ouweneel, G. R. E. (1970). Ambiguous surface structure and phonetic form in French. Foundations of Language, 6(2), 260-273.

    Abstract

    In modern approaches to phonology a lack of clarity exists on the issue of whether phonetic facts are psychological or physical realities. The results from an experiment suggest that phonetic facts can be considered as psychological realities, but with the restriction that they can (but not necessarily always do) take acoustical shape. More specifically, the syntactic material consisted of ambiguous French sentences of the following sort: On a tourné ce film intéressant pour les étudiants. They were spoken (a) in disambiguating contexts, without the (four) readers noticing the ambiguities, and (b) without context, but with the instruction to make a conscious effort to disambiguate. By tape splicing, the contexts were removed from the context-embedded sentences. Twenty-eight native speakers of French listened to the sentences and judged whether one or the other meaning had been intended by the speaker. Subjects performed significantly above chance: 60% correct identifications for context-embedded sentences, 75% for context-free sentences. Pitch-amplitude analyses were made to determine the acoustical differences involved.
  • Levelt, W. J. M. (1968). Hans Hörmann, Psychologie der Sprache [Book review]. Lingua, 20, 93-97. doi:10.1016/0024-3841(68)90133-2.
  • Levelt, W. J. M., & Plomp, R. (1962). Musical consonance and critical bandwidth. In Proceedings of the 4th International Congress Acoustics (pp. 55-55).
  • Levelt, W. J. M. (1968). Om der wille van het taalpsychologisch experiment. Forum der Letteren, 21, 927-928.
  • Levelt, W. J. M. (1970). Hierarchical chunking in sentence processing. Perception & Psychophysics, 8(2), 99-103.
  • Levelt, W. J. M. (1970). Hierarchical clustering algorithms in the psychology of grammar. In G. B. Flores d'Arcais, & W. J. M. Levelt (Eds.), Advances in psycholinguistics (pp. 101-108). Amsterdam: North Holland.
  • Levelt, W. J. M. (1962). Motion breaking and the perception of causality. In A. Michotte (Ed.), Causalité, permanence et réalité phénoménales: Etudes de psychologie expérimentale (pp. 244-258). Louvain: Publications Universitaires.
  • Levelt, W. J. M. (1968). R. Quirk en J. Svartvik (eds.), Investigating linguistic acceptability [Book review]. Nederlands tijdschrift voor de psychologie, 32(6), 692.
  • Levelt, W. J. M., & Bonarius, M. (1968). Suffixes as deep structure clues. Heymans Bulletins Psychologische Instituten RU Groningen, HB-68-22EX.
  • Levelt, W. J. M., & Plomp, K. (1968). The appreciation of musical intervals. In J. M. M. Aler (Ed.), Proceedings of the fifth International Congress of Aesthetics, Amsterdam 1964 (pp. 901-904). The Hague: Mouton.
  • De Loor, G. P., Jurriens, A. A., Levelt, W. J. M., & Van de Geer, J. P. (1968). Line scan imagery interpretation. Photogrammatic Engineering, 28, 502-510.
  • Noordman, L. G. M., & Levelt, W. J. M. (1970). Noun categorization by noun-verb intersection for the Dutch language. Heymans Bulletins, HB-70-59EX.
  • Seuren, P. A. M. (1970). [Review of the book Betekenis en betekenisstructuur. Nagelaten geschriften van Prof. Dr. A. W. de Groot ed by G. F. Bos and H. Roose]. Foundations of Language, 6(2), 282-283.
  • Seuren, P. A. M. (1970). A note on descriptive adequacy. Journal of Linguistics, 6(2), 263-266. doi:10.1017/S0022226700002668.
  • Seuren, P. A. M. (1968). [Review of the book Negation and the comparative particle in English by André Joly]. Neophilologus, 52, 337-338. doi:10.1007/BF01515481.
  • Seuren, P. A. M. (1963). Naar aanleiding van Dr. F. Balk-Smit Duyzentkunst "De Grammatische Functie". Levende Talen, 219, 179-186.
  • Van de Geer, J. P., & Levelt, W. J. M. (1963). Detection of visual patterns disturbed by noise: An exploratory study. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 15, 192-204. doi:10.1080/17470216308416324.

    Abstract

    An introductory study of the perception of stochastically specified events is reported. The initial problem was to determine whether the perceiver can split visual input data of this kind into random and determined components. The inability of subjects to do so with the stimulus material used (a filmlike sequence of dot patterns), led to the more general question of how subjects code this kind of visual material. To meet the difficulty of defining the subjects' responses, two experiments were designed. In both, patterns were presented as a rapid sequence of dots on a screen. The patterns were more or less disturbed by “noise,” i.e. the dots did not appear exactly at their proper places. In the first experiment the response was a rating on a semantic scale, in the second an identification from among a set of alternative patterns. The results of these experiments give some insight in the coding systems adopted by the subjects. First, noise appears to be detrimental to pattern recognition, especially to patterns with little spread. Second, this shows connections with the factors obtained from analysis of the semantic ratings, e.g. easily disturbed patterns show a large drop in the semantic regularity factor, when only a little noise is added.
  • Van de Geer, J. P., Levelt, W. J. M., & Plomp, R. (1962). The connotation of musical consonance. Acta Psychologica, 20, 308-319.

    Abstract

    As a preliminary to further research on musical consonance an explanatory investigation was made on the different modes of judgment of musical intervals. This was done by way of a semantic differential. Subjects rated 23 intervals against 10 scales. In a factor analysis three factors appeared: pitch, evaluation and fusion. The relation between these factors and some physical characteristics has been investigated. The scale consonant-dissonant showed to be purely evaluative (in opposition to Stumpf's theory). This evaluative connotation is not in accordance with the musicological meaning of consonance. Suggestions to account for this difference have been given.

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