Displaying 1 - 10 of 10
  • Kempen, G. (1970). Ideaalbeelden van de Europese jeugd: Weerwoord op methodologische kritiek. Dux, 37, 54-56.
  • Klein, W. (1970). Eine Analysegrammatik. Linguistische Berichte, (10), 13-16.
  • Klein, W., & Zimmermann, H. (1970). Trakl. Versuche zur maschinellen Analyse von Dichtersprache. Sprachkunst, 1(1/2), 122-139.
  • Levelt, W. J. M., Zwanenburg, W., & Ouweneel, G. R. E. (1970). Ambiguous surface structure and phonetic form in French. Foundations of Language, 6(2), 260-273.


    In modern approaches to phonology a lack of clarity exists on the issue of whether phonetic facts are psychological or physical realities. The results from an experiment suggest that phonetic facts can be considered as psychological realities, but with the restriction that they can (but not necessarily always do) take acoustical shape. More specifically, the syntactic material consisted of ambiguous French sentences of the following sort: On a tourné ce film intéressant pour les étudiants. They were spoken (a) in disambiguating contexts, without the (four) readers noticing the ambiguities, and (b) without context, but with the instruction to make a conscious effort to disambiguate. By tape splicing, the contexts were removed from the context-embedded sentences. Twenty-eight native speakers of French listened to the sentences and judged whether one or the other meaning had been intended by the speaker. Subjects performed significantly above chance: 60% correct identifications for context-embedded sentences, 75% for context-free sentences. Pitch-amplitude analyses were made to determine the acoustical differences involved.
  • Levelt, W. J. M. (1970). Hierarchical chunking in sentence processing. Perception & Psychophysics, 8(2), 99-103.
  • Noordman, L. G. M., & Levelt, W. J. M. (1970). Noun categorization by noun-verb intersection for the Dutch language. Heymans Bulletins, HB-70-59EX.
  • Seuren, P. A. M. (1970). [Review of the book Betekenis en betekenisstructuur. Nagelaten geschriften van Prof. Dr. A. W. de Groot ed by G. F. Bos and H. Roose]. Foundations of Language, 6(2), 282-283.
  • Seuren, P. A. M. (1970). A note on descriptive adequacy. Journal of Linguistics, 6(2), 263-266. doi:10.1017/S0022226700002668.
  • Seuren, P. A. M. (1963). Naar aanleiding van Dr. F. Balk-Smit Duyzentkunst "De Grammatische Functie". Levende Talen, 219, 179-186.
  • Van de Geer, J. P., & Levelt, W. J. M. (1963). Detection of visual patterns disturbed by noise: An exploratory study. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 15, 192-204. doi:10.1080/17470216308416324.


    An introductory study of the perception of stochastically specified events is reported. The initial problem was to determine whether the perceiver can split visual input data of this kind into random and determined components. The inability of subjects to do so with the stimulus material used (a filmlike sequence of dot patterns), led to the more general question of how subjects code this kind of visual material. To meet the difficulty of defining the subjects' responses, two experiments were designed. In both, patterns were presented as a rapid sequence of dots on a screen. The patterns were more or less disturbed by “noise,” i.e. the dots did not appear exactly at their proper places. In the first experiment the response was a rating on a semantic scale, in the second an identification from among a set of alternative patterns. The results of these experiments give some insight in the coding systems adopted by the subjects. First, noise appears to be detrimental to pattern recognition, especially to patterns with little spread. Second, this shows connections with the factors obtained from analysis of the semantic ratings, e.g. easily disturbed patterns show a large drop in the semantic regularity factor, when only a little noise is added.

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