Investigation of phonological encoding through speech error analyses: Achievements, limitations, and alternatives
Meyer, A. S.
Investigation of phonological encoding through speech error analyses: Achievements, limitations, and alternatives. Cognition, 42
, 181-211. doi:10.1016/0010-0277(92)90043-H.
Phonological encoding in language production can be defined as a set of processes generating utterance forms on the basis of semantic and syntactic information. Most evidence about these processes stems from analyses of sound errors. In section 1 of this paper, certain important results of these analyses are reviewed. Two prominent models of phonological encoding, which are mainly based on speech error evidence, are discussed in section 2. In section 3, limitations of speech error analyses are discussed, and it is argued that detailed and comprehensive models of phonological encoding cannot be derived solely on the basis of error analyses. As is argued in section 4, a new research strategy is required. Instead of using the properties of errors to draw inferences about the generation of correct word forms, future research should directly investigate the normal process of phonological encoding.