The extrastriate body area computes desired goal states during action planning
Zimmermann, M., Verhagen, L., De Lange, F., & Toni, I.
The extrastriate body area computes desired goal states during action planning. eNeuro, 3
(2): ENEURO.0020-16.2016. doi:10.1523/ENEURO.0020-16.2016.
How do object perception and action interact at a neural level? Here we test the hypothesis that perceptual
features, processed by the ventral visuoperceptual stream, are used as priors by the dorsal visuomotor stream to
specify goal-directed grasping actions. We present three main findings, which were obtained by combining
time-resolved transcranial magnetic stimulation and kinematic tracking of grasp-and-rotate object manipulations,
in a group of healthy human participants (N 22). First, the extrastriate body area (EBA), in the ventral stream,
provides an initial structure to motor plans, based on current and desired states of a grasped object and of the
grasping hand. Second, the contributions of EBA are earlier in time than those of a caudal intraparietal region
known to specify the action plan. Third, the contributions of EBA are particularly important when desired and
current object configurations differ, and multiple courses of actions are possible. These findings specify the
temporal and functional characteristics for a mechanism that integrates perceptual processing with motor