MEG-BIDS, the brain imaging data structure extended to magnetoencephalography
Niso, G., Gorgolewski, K. J., Bock, E., Brooks, T. L., Flandin, G., Gramfort, A., Henson, R. N., Jas, M., Litvak, V., Moreau, J. T., Oostenveld, R., Schoffelen, J.-M., Tadel, F., Wexler, J., & Baillet, S.
MEG-BIDS, the brain imaging data structure extended to magnetoencephalography. Scientific Data, 5
: 180110. doi:10.1038/sdata.2018.110.
We present a significant extension of the Brain Imaging Data Structure (BIDS) to support the specific
aspects of magnetoencephalography (MEG) data. MEG measures brain activity with millisecond
temporal resolution and unique source imaging capabilities. So far, BIDS was a solution to organise
magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) data. The nature and acquisition parameters of MRI and MEG data
are strongly dissimilar. Although there is no standard data format for MEG, we propose MEG-BIDS as a
principled solution to store, organise, process and share the multidimensional data volumes produced
by the modality. The standard also includes well-defined metadata, to facilitate future data
harmonisation and sharing efforts. This responds to unmet needs from the multimodal neuroimaging
community and paves the way to further integration of other techniques in electrophysiology. MEGBIDS
builds on MRI-BIDS, extending BIDS to a multimodal data structure. We feature several dataanalytics
software that have adopted MEG-BIDS, and a diverse sample of open MEG-BIDS data
resources available to everyone.