Planning for language production: The electrophysiological signature of attention to the cue to speak
Jongman, S. R., Piai, V., & Meyer, A. S.
Planning for language production: The electrophysiological signature of attention to the cue to speak. Language, Cognition and Neuroscience, 35
(7), 915-932. doi:10.1080/23273798.2019.1690153.
In conversation, speech planning can overlap with listening to the interlocutor. It has been
postulated that once there is enough information to formulate a response, planning is initiated
and the response is maintained in working memory. Concurrently, the auditory input is
monitored for the turn end such that responses can be launched promptly. In three EEG
experiments, we aimed to identify the neural signature of phonological planning and monitoring
by comparing delayed responding to not responding (reading aloud, repetition and lexical
decision). These comparisons consistently resulted in a sustained positivity and beta power
reduction over posterior regions. We argue that these effects reflect attention to the sequence
end. Phonological planning and maintenance were not detected in the neural signature even
though it is highly likely these were taking place. This suggests that EEG must be used cautiously
to identify response planning when the neural signal is overridden by attention effects