Fluency in dialogue: Turn‐taking behavior shapes perceived fluency in native and nonnative speech
Van Os, M., De Jong, N. H., & Bosker, H. R.
Fluency in dialogue: Turn‐taking behavior shapes perceived fluency in native and nonnative speech. Language Learning, 70
(4), 1183-1217. doi:10.1111/lang.12416.
Fluency is an important part of research on second language learning, but most research on language proficiency typically has not included oral fluency as part of interaction, even though natural communication usually occurs in conversations. The present study considered aspects of turn-taking behavior as part of the construct of fluency and investigated whether these aspects differentially influence perceived fluency ratings of native and non-native speech. Results from two experiments using acoustically manipulated speech showed that, in native speech, too ‘eager’ (interrupting a question with a fast answer) and too ‘reluctant’ answers (answering slowly after a long turn gap) negatively affected fluency ratings. However, in non-native speech, only too ‘reluctant’ answers led to lower fluency ratings. Thus, we demonstrate that acoustic properties of dialogue are perceived as part of fluency. By adding to our current understanding of dialogue fluency, these lab-based findings carry implications for language teaching and assessment