Learning object names at different hierarchical levels using cross-situational statistics
Chen, C.-h., Zhang, Y., & Yu, C.
Learning object names at different hierarchical levels using cross-situational statistics. Cognitive Science, 42
(S2), 591-605. doi:10.1111/cogs.12516.
Objects in the world usually have names at different hierarchical levels (e.g., beagle, dog, animal). This research investigates adults' ability to use cross-situational statistics to simultaneously learn object labels at individual and category levels. The results revealed that adults were able to use co-occurrence information to learn hierarchical labels in contexts where the labels for individual objects and labels for categories were presented in completely separated blocks, in interleaved blocks, or mixed in the same trial. Temporal presentation schedules significantly affected the learning of individual object labels, but not the learning of category labels. Learners' subsequent generalization of category labels indicated sensitivity to the structure of statistical input.
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