Listening to fast speech: Aging and sentence context
Janse, E., Van der Werff, M., & Quené, H.
Listening to fast speech: Aging and sentence context. In J. Trouvain, & W. J. Barry (Eds.
), Proceedings of the 16th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences (ICPhS 2007)
(pp. 681-684). Dudweiler: Pirrot.
In this study we investigated to what extent a
meaningful sentence context facilitates spoken
word processing in young and older listeners if
listening is made taxing by time-compressing the
speech. Even though elderly listeners have been
shown to benefit more from sentence context in
difficult listening conditions than young listeners,
time compression of speech may interfere with
semantic comprehension, particularly in older
listeners because of cognitive slowing. The results
of a target detection experiment showed that,
unlike young listeners who showed facilitation by
context at both rates, elderly listeners showed
context facilitation at the intermediate, but not at
the fastest rate. This suggests that semantic
interpretation lags behind target identification.