Phonological versus phonetic cues in native and non-native listening: Korean and Dutch listeners' perception of Dutch and English consonants
Cho, T., & McQueen, J. M.
Phonological versus phonetic cues in native and non-native listening: Korean and Dutch listeners' perception of Dutch and English consonants. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 119
(5), 3085-3096. doi:10.1121/1.2188917.
We investigated how listeners of two unrelated languages, Korean and Dutch, process
phonologically viable and nonviable consonants spoken in Dutch and American English. To Korean
listeners, released final stops are nonviable because word-final stops in Korean are never released in
words spoken in isolation, but to Dutch listeners, unreleased word-final stops are nonviable because
word-final stops in Dutch are generally released in words spoken in isolation. Two phoneme
monitoring experiments showed a phonological effect on both Dutch and English stimuli: Korean
listeners detected the unreleased stops more rapidly whereas Dutch listeners detected the released
stops more rapidly and/or more accurately. The Koreans, however, detected released stops more
accurately than unreleased stops, but only in the non-native language they were familiar with
(English). The results suggest that, in non-native speech perception, phonological legitimacy in the
native language can be more important than the richness of phonetic information, though familiarity
with phonetic detail in the non-native language can also improve listening performance.