Introduction-The typology and semantics of locative predicates: Posturals, positionals and other beasts
Ameka, F. K., & Levinson, S. C.
Introduction-The typology and semantics of locative predicates: Posturals, positionals and other beasts. Linguistics, 45
(5), 847-872. doi:10.1515/LING.2007.025.
This special issue is devoted to a relatively neglected topic in linguistics, namely the verbal component of locative statements. English tends, of course, to use a simple copula in utterances like “The cup is on the table”, but many languages, perhaps as many as half of the world's languages, have a set of alternate verbs, or alternate verbal affixes, which contrast in this slot. Often these are classificatory verbs of 'sitting', 'standing' and 'lying'. For this reason, perhaps, Aristotle listed position among his basic (“noncomposite”) categories.