Interaction with autonomy: Multiple Output models and the inadequacy of the Great Divide
Boland, J. E., & Cutler, A.
Interaction with autonomy: Multiple Output models and the inadequacy of the Great Divide. Cognition, 58
, 309-320. doi:10.1016/0010-0277(95)00684-2.
There are currently a number of psycholinguistic models in which processing at a particular level of representation is characterized by the generation of multiple outputs, with resolution - but not generation - involving the use of information from higher levels of processing. Surprisingly, models with this architecture have been characterized as autonomous within the domain of word recognition but as interactive within the domain of sentence processing. We suggest that the apparent confusion is not, as might be assumed, due to fundamental differences between lexical and syntactic processing. Rather, we believe that the labels in each domain were chosen in order to obtain maximal contrast between a new model and the model or models that were currently dominating the field. The contradiction serves to highlight the inadequacy of a simple autonomy/interaction dichotomy for characterizing the architectures of current processing models.