Cross-language word segmentation by 9-month-olds
Houston, D. M., Jusczyk, P. W., Kuijpers, C., Coolen, R., & Cutler, A.
Cross-language word segmentation by 9-month-olds. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 7
Dutch-learning and English-learning 9-month-olds were tested, using the Headturn Preference Procedure,
for their ability to segment Dutch words with strong/weak stress patterns from fluent Dutch speech. This prosodic pattern is highly typical for words of both languages. The infants were familiarized with pairs of words and then tested on four passages, two that included the familiarized words and two that did not. Both the Dutch- and the English-learning infants gave evidence of segmenting the targets from the passages, to an equivalent degree. Thus, English-learning infants are able to extract words from fluent speech in a language that is phonetically different from English. We discuss the possibility that this cross-language segmentation ability is aided by the similarity of the typical rhythmic structure of Dutch and English words.